Introduction to pharmacy and pharmacopoeia.

Un altro fatto interessante: il 41% degli uomini ha notato che i loro partner ricevono sempre un orgasmo. E solo il 33% delle donne ha confermato. Ciò il sesso frequente ha effetti collaterali che parte delle donne simula un orgasmo a causa dell’amore, il sostegno per l’autostima del partner o l’attesa che tutto finirà finalmente (e questo è particolarmente triste, d’accordo).

Qualities of a pharmacist:
♦ Knowledge of Pharmacy(regarding collection of drug substances, preparation of medicines, preservation, handling and dispensing)
♦ Perfect perceptions in Pharmacopoeia
♦ Qualified, honest, humanitarian,honorable, trustworthy and must be fully aware of his or her responsibilities.
♦ Profound love and sympathy for the sick
♦ Proper skill in performance
♦ Painstaking care and accuracy must be exercised by him or her in every step of preparation, handling and dispensing.

হোমিওপ্যাথিক ফার্মেসির সংজ্ঞা
ফার্মাকোপিয়া পাঠের প্রয়োজনীয়তা
হোমিও ভেষজ বলতে কি বুঝায়?
হোমিও ফার্মেসির শাখাসমূহ
পার্থক্য: ফার্মেসি ও ফার্মাকোপিয়ার
ঔষধ প্রস্তুতি ও ব্যবহার বিজ্ঞান

হোমিওপ্যাথি পরীক্ষাগারে ব্যবহৃত যন্ত্রপাতিঃ

1. Porcelain mortar and pestle: Used for triturating purpose of soft substances, e.g.: charcoal, fresh vegetable materials.
2. Glass mortar and pestle: Used for mercurial preparations.
3. Wedgwood mortar and pestle: Used in trituration of crystalline solids or for reduction in particle size of different materials.
4. Spatula:
-Spatula is used to loosen the powdered material packed on the inner side of the mortar during the process of trituration
-Used for ointment preparations.
-Measuring different powders.
-Hard rubber spatula and horn spatula is used to handle corrosive materials.
5. Sieves:
-Sieves are vessels with meshed or perforated bottom for separating fine powders from coarser substances.
-Sieves are made up of silk, hair, or stainless steel wire.
-The silk sieves are used for separating the fine powders from coarser substances, e.g. triturations, sugar of milk etc.
-The hair or stainless steel wire sieve is used for separating the coarse powders.
6. Chopping board: Chopping board is used for cutting the crude drug into small pieces before making them into powder or making it into a pulp form.
7. Chopping knife: Chopping knife is used for cutting plants, herbs, etc.
8. Percolator:
Percolator is a cylindrical vessel provided with an orifice called neck at the bottom. The percolator is supported on an appropriate stand. Percolator is made up of glass, stainless steel or copper. Used for extracting the soluble constituents of a drug by the passage of solvent through the powdered drug contained in the percolator
9. Specific Gravity Bottle: Specific gravity bottle is a flat-bottomed bulb-like bottle with a long, tapering neck. A well-ground solid glass stopper with a narrow bore fits the neck. If the bulb is filled with a liquid and the stopper is inserted in place, some liquid comes out through the bore and the bottle remains a fixed volume of the liquid.
10. Volumetric Flask:
It is a flat-bottomed glass container with a long narrow neck fitted with a stopper.
Used for the preparation of reagent and storing standard solutions.
11. Measuring cylinder
These are long, cylindrical calibrated glass containers.
Used for measuring the volume of a liquid.
12. Funnels
It is a conical shaped apparatus with a lower narrow, pipe like mouth. It is made up of glass, high quality polythene or porcelain.
Used for transfer of liquids, and for supporting filter media.
13. Burette: It is a long glass tube of uniform bore and graduated in cubic centimeters. The upper end of the tube is open and the lower end is drawn to a jet and is fitted with a glass stop

Scope of Homoeopathic Pharmacy: Posology : At bedside of a patient, after selecting the proper medicine, the physician may be confused with doses of medicines, because dose or potency depends upon many factors. But if the physician has thorough knowledge about the posology i.e doctrine of doses-he will never be confused with the doses. So a detailed knowledge of Pharmacy help us in context. Preparation of medicine: Pharmacy gives us the practical knowledge about the preparation of mother tincture, mother solution and mother substances. External application: Knowledge of drug for external application, we get from the study of Pharmacy. Prescription writing : Pharmacy helps us to write the prescriptions in proper order. Homoeopathic Pharmacy includes: Collecting: How to collect the drug or medicinal substance in crude natural form. Identifying: How to identify the drug substance—before using for preparation. for proper identification, help of a qualified and experienced botanist, zoologist and chemist is necessary . Quality inspecting: Not only identification but also quality of drugs or characteristics features of a drug must be ascertained by physical and analytical process with the help of instruments and chemicals, respectively Preserving : How to preserve the drug materials, mother tinctures and poetized medicines. Standardizing : Drugs or medicines so prepared must be made to conform to some standards, prescribed by Appropriate authority or official homoeopathic pharmacopoeia and the process is known as Standardizing. Combining : It means joining two or more things together. Scientifically the product of a combination is called mechanical mixture. Compounding: it means uniting two or more different elements or constituents together so as to form an altogether new product. This new product will have new properties different from those of its constituents.